Mai Die Relegationsspiele der deutschen Topligen locken eigentlich viele Zuschauer vor den Fernseher. Doch die Bundesliga-Relegation zeigt nur. Fußball[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Mai Mit Relegationsspielen hat der Karlsruher SC keine guten Erfahrungen gemacht. scheiterten die Badener begleitet von Fan-Krawallen im.
In some countries and at certain levels, teams in line for promotion may have to satisfy certain non-playing conditions in order to be accepted by the higher league, such as financial solvency, stadium capacity, and facilities.
If these are not satisfied, a lower-ranked team may be promoted in their place, or a team in the league above may be saved from relegation.
On several occasions, the Italian Football Federation has relegated clubs found to have been involved in match-fixing. This occurred most recently in , when the season's initial champions Juventus were relegated to Serie B, and two other teams were initially relegated but then restored to Serie A after appeal see Serie A scandal.
In some Communist nations, particularly several in Europe after World War II, clubs were promoted and relegated for political reasons rather than performance; clubs in East Germany , Romania , and Yugoslavia were given top-flight placements by the Communist authorities from their beginnings, and often held onto their places with these authorities' backing.
Promotion and relegation may be used in international sports tournaments. In tennis, the Davis Cup and Fed Cup have promotion and relegation, with a 'World Group' split into two divisions in the Fed Cup at the top and series of regional groups at a lower level.
The World Groups in both use a knockout tournament format, with the first-round losers entering play-offs with winners from regional groups to avoid relegation.
In international tournaments, this format allows teams from countries in which a sport is less well established to have competitive matches, while opening up the possibility of competing against higher ranked nations as a sport grows.
In many respects, it would resemble England's Football Association when founded in Both espoused strict amateurism in their early years and welcomed hundreds of clubs as members.
Baseball's National Association was not able to survive the onset of professionalism. It responded to the trend — clubs secretly paying or indirectly compensating players — by establishing a "professional" class for The founders of the new League judged that in order to prosper, they must make baseball's highest level of competition a "closed shop", with a strict limit on the number of teams, each member having exclusive local rights.
The modest National League guarantee of a place in the league year after year would permit the owners to monopolize fan bases in their exclusive territories and give them the confidence to invest in infrastructure, such as improved ballparks.
In turn, those would guarantee the revenues to support traveling halfway across a continent for games. The NL's dominance of baseball was challenged several times but only by entire leagues, after its first few years.
Eight clubs, the established norm for a national league, was a prohibitively high threshold for a new venture. Two challengers succeeded beyond the short-term, with the National League fighting off a challenge from the American Association after a decade concluded In it accepted parity with the American League and the formation of the organization that would become Major League Baseball.
The peace agreement between the NL and the AL did not change the "closed shop" of top-level baseball but entrenched it by including the AL in the shop.
The other major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada have followed the MLB model of a closed shop with no merit-based promotion or relegation since their inceptions.
In contrast to baseball's NABBP , the first governing body in English football survived the onset of professionalism, which it formally accepted in Perhaps the great geographical concentration of population  and the corresponding short distances between urban centres was crucial.
Certainly it provided the opportunity for more clubs' developing large fan bases without incurring great travel costs.
Professional football did not gain acceptance until after the turn of the 20th century in most of Southern England. The earliest league members travelled only through the Midlands and North.
When The Football League now the English Football League was founded in , it was not intended to be a rival of The Football Association but rather the top competition within it.
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Below is a diagram for the top division in English soccer click to enlarge:. Relegation and promotion is a system in which teams are transferred between leagues based on their performances.
At the end of each season, the teams that finish at the bottom of the league are "relegated" or forced down to the division below.
Teams that finish at the top of a league move up to a higher league, if they are not already at the top. The amount of teams that move depends on the country.
Relegation and Promotion provides excitement at the bottom of the league towards the end of the year. In American sports, people stop caring about the teams that are in last-placed very early in the season.
However, with relegation and promotion, fans have a reason to be interested in their team all year long.